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Last Updated on : 01st Oct, 2012

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

Common features of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) include excessive, often persistent anger, frequent temper tantrums or angry outbursts, and disregard for authority. Children and adolescents with this disorder often annoy others on purpose, blame others for their mistakes, and are easily annoyed. In addition, these young people may appear resentful of others and when someone does something they don't like they often take revenge on them. In order for a child or adolescent to qualify for a diagnosis of ODD these behaviors must cause considerable distress for the family and/or interfere significantly with academic or social functioning. Interference might take the form of preventing the child or adolescent from learning school material, making friends, or placing them in harmful situations. These behaviors must also persist for at least six months.

For specific treatment options, please refer to this table

Example of ODD
Ten year-old Jessie has been irritable and easily annoyed for over a year now. She often "talks back" to adults or is generally disrespectful. Her parents feel like she is constantly "testing boundaries" by blatantly breaking rules, such as staying up past her bedtime or going to friends' houses without permission. Over the past year at school, Jessie has been sent to detention about once a week for arguing with the teacher or picking fights with other students. Her grades have also declined considerably in the past year but she blames her teacher, complaining "she gives me a hard time because she hates me."


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