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Last Updated on : 19th Apr, 2013

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Social Phobia

What is Social Phobia?

The main feature of social phobia is a significant and persistent fear of social or performance situations. The child or adolescent fears that he/she will act in a way that would be humiliating or embarrassing and being exposed to feared social situations almost always causes anxiety. These situations are either avoided or endured with distress (e.g., crying, freezing). Further, the avoidance, anxious anticipation, or distress related to the feared situation significantly interferes with the youth's life functioning and is not due to the direct effects of substances (e.g., medication) or general medical conditions.

As can be seen below, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) currently has the most research evidence for the treatment of young people with social phobia. This treatment can be administered in the variety of different formats listed below.

Social Phobia (SOP)

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Source: Silverman, W. K., Pina, A. A., & Viswesvaran, Chockalingam (2008). Evidence-based psychosocial treatments for phobic and anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: A review and meta-analyses. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 37, 105-130.

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