Applied behavior analysis (ABA) uses learning principles to teach socially significant behaviors in real-life settings. For example, if a behavior is followed by a reward or reinforcement, it is more likely to be repeated. This principle also applies to negative behaviors that are inadvertently reinforced.
This individualized, adult-led intervention addresses communication, social skills, self-management, cognition, and pre-academic skills such as imitation, matching, letter, and number concepts. When used with younger children, ABA interventions are often referred to as “early intensive behavioral interventions” (EIBI). ABA is considered an effective treatment for autism spectrum disorder.
Teacher-implemented, focused ABA with developmental social pragmatic is another form of ABA that has been shown to work in treating social-communication skills associated with autism spectrum disorder. This type of therapy involves the same principles as ABA, but includes focused treatments delivered by classroom teachers. It employs joint engagement in play activities with parents and teachers that positively impact social-communication skills in children.
Source(s): Tristram Smith & Suzannah Ladorola (2015). Evidence Base Update for Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. Vol 44 Issue 6, 897-922. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2015.1077448
Last updated on: Aug 01, 2017